June 27, 1950 J. MURI 2,513,100
ANIMATED DISPLAY DEVICE Filed April 9, 1947 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN V EN TOR. (/ENS M0191 4 TTORNE Y5 June 27, 1950 J. MURI 2,513,100
ANIMATED DISPLAY DEVICE Filed April 9, 1947 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. l/ENS MUR/ June 27, 1950 J. MURI 2,513,100
ANIMATED DISPLAY DEVICE Filed April 9, 1947 V 4 Shegts-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. (J's/v5 Mum M MM A rromvgrs June 27, 1950 J. MURl ANIMATED DISPLAY DEVICE 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed April 9, 1947 51522 riiliiai INVEN TOR. (ls/vs Mum 74% A T TORW Y3 Patented June 27, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,513,100 ANIMATED DISPLAY DEVIGE J ens Muri, StavangenNorway Application April-e,- 1947, Serial No. 740,291
This invention relates to displays, more particularly to animated displays for use in advertising or other fields where it is desired to attract attention visually.
The principal objects of the invention are to provide a novel form .of display which can be adapted to advertising a wide range of products, which can :be easily manufactured and inexpensively operated, which can be adapted to a variety of advertising media such as counter and window displays, billboards, signs carried by vehiclesand the like, and which is particularly adaptable to displays incorporating a picture or caricature of a human or animal head .or face, the expression of which is changed or animated. Other objects Fig. .3 shows a similar panel having apertures at the eye portions, .upper head portionand lower jaw portion of the figure .of a head and .a star.- shaped background aperture'behind which rotates a disc, shown in Fig. v4, to produce apparentmovement of "the top of the head, the lower jawand the eyes, associated with periodic appearance of astar;
Fig. .5 shows a panel carrying a picture of ammo smoking a pipe, with apertures at the .eye and lower jaw portions-and above the pipe, behind which rotates a disc, showninFig. .6, to produce animation .of the eyes and mouth of thefigure and intermittent upward movement of a .curl .of smoke above the pipe;
Fig. '7 shows a panel carrying thepictnre .of a figure drinking from a, glass through a straw .or tube, apertures being provided at the eye and lower jaw portions of the face and at the upper part of the glass, behind which apertures rotates a disc, shown inFig. 8, to change the facial expression of the figure and create the appearance of the repeated emptying of fluid from the glass;
Figs..9-and'-10are two views of thedisplay resulting from the assembly of the panel. of Fig. -1 and the disc of Fig. :2. Fig. 9 shows the display figure with the mouth in closed position and the arrow de-emphasized by being blended with the backgroundand Fig. 10 shows .the same display with the mouth fully opened, the arrowemphav 2 sized and the eyes in a diiteren-t position from thatshow-n in Fig, 9.
Fig. 11 is a rear elevation of a sign adapted for wind operation;
:12 is a central section taken on the line l-2-i '2 of Fig. 11;
Fig. 13 isa central elevation through avmotondriven sign in which the rotatable dis-c is mounted on acentral pivot;
Fig. l l is a front elevation of another format sign in which the rotatable disc is supported and driven at its periphery; and
Fig. '15 is a, central section taken on the line -l5l5 of Fig. 14.
The principles .of the invention will .best be understood by reference :to the structure shown in Figs. 1, 2, -9 and .10. The two principal parts of the display are a frontplate or panel 26 and a rotatable disc or rearplate 2.1. These two parts are mounted on suitable standards or supports sothat the rear plate immediately behind the panel. Various methods of mounting these parts will :be hereinafter described.
The panel is-shown as bearing a stylized pic.- ture of the major portions of aghuman'iace, panel having .aperturesZZ and 24 cut in it at the location of the eyes vand an aperture 25 at the location of the lower jaw. The upper lip 26 is included as apart .of this picture and forms the upper margin of aperture 25. Underneath the face is a further aperture 28 in the shape .of an arrow intended to direct attentionto advertising matter or the like on-the panel.
The center of rotation of plate 2| is marked with a cross and .its'position relative to panel 20 is similarly marked on the latter at a'pointhetween the eye apertures "22 and 24.
Plate 21 isso colored as to animate the ,figu-re on the panel '20 as to itseyes, which appear behind the apertures '22 .and; 24, and. as tothelower jaw, which is encompassed .iaby the aperttu' e 25. The eyes are given a rolling motion andthe jaw is given an apparent up and down motion when the plate 2! \iscontinuously rotated. Simultaneously, the aperture encompassed "by the arrow 28 is made to appear and disappear by the successivepositioning behind this aperture of a color which .contrasts with and a color which is the same as they colorrof the background surrounding aperture 28. Forexample, the background color may be black, as. shown, and an-area zll extending about half way around the outside portion of plate 12] is correspondingly .coloredtblack. The remainder of theoutside-portion is colored red as shown -atu30 by conventional hatching.- Any other color contrasting with the background could be used. These two portions have to do only with the arrow. As plate 2| rotates, the color behind the aperture 28 will be alternately black and red.
To produce the rolling motion of the eyes, plate 29 carries around its center of rotation, and eccentric with respect thereto, a continuous band 3| of black or other dark color which has a width somewhat narrower than the eye apertures 22 and 24. This band 3| is surrounded on either side by light colored areas, for example white portions 32 and 34. Due to the eccentricity of this band 3|, the eyes appear to move with a rolling motion when plate 2| rotates. Two different positions are shown in Figs. 9 and 10.
The simulation of lower jaw movement is produced upon rotation of plate 2| by other bands of contrasting color which are also eccentrically disposed. The outermost band or area 35 has a color matching the face and forms the chin and lower portion of the jowls. Preferably, it varies in thickness as well as being eccentrically located, its thickest portion being that part which is closest to the center of rotation. Around the inner margin of this band of color is another band 36 colored red to represent the lower lip and inwardly of this red band is a continuous dark band 38 which has a considerable variation in width and represents the shadow area inside the mouth.
Referring now to Figs. 9 and 10, Fig. 9 shows the plate 2| rotated into a position in which its black marginal portion 29 falls behind the arrow opening 28 so that the arrow is practically invisible. In this position those parts of the bands 35, 36 and 38 which are closest to the center of rotation are occupying the aperture so that the mouth appears to be closed. A portion of the black area 29 surrounding the outer margin of the band also underlies a portion of the lower part of aperture 25 so that the chin is elevated.
In Fig. 10 the samedisplay is shown with the rear plate 2| rotated about 180 from the position shown in Fig. 9 so that the red area 3|] falls underneath the arrow and those portions of bands 35, 36, 38 and 34 which are farthest from the center of rotation occupy the lower jaw aperture giving the display an open mouth appearance.
When the plate 2| is rotated at a relatively slow speed, as for example one revolutionper second, the eccentric and linear movement of the continuous color bands gives to the face a realistic appearance of chewing. The band 3| makes the eyes roll. At the same time, the arrow is made to appear and disappear to attract further attention to a particular part of the display.
Referring to Figs. 3 and 4, the same principles are applied to this embodiment in a slightly different manner. The panel 20a bears the picture of a man in distress, as though with a bad headache. In addition to having apertures at the position of the eyes and of the lower jaw, this panel also has an aperture 40 at the top of the skull of the picture and above this an aperture 4| in the shape of a star formed in the background. The plate 2| a has a black border 29a broken by a short segment of a bright color, such as yellow, at 42. For producing animation of the eyes this plate has a central eccentric area of solid black surrounded by a gray cresent 44 and. a white area 45, more or less of the black area appearing as the plate rotates, in the upper portion of the eye apertures. Surrounding the color areas 44 and 45 is a band 46 of varying width which appears both in the lower jaw aperture and in the skull aperture, giving the skull an appearance of intermittent bulging of the top of the head with a simultaneous munching action of the mouth, a brilliant star appearing once in each rotation above the top of the head.
Referring to Figs. 5 and 6, a sign is shown comprising a panel 2% bearing the caricature of a man smoking a pipe, behind which rotates a plate 2|b adapted to animate certain features of the picture on the panel 20b. The latter is provided with apertures 22, 24 and 25 at the eye and lower jaw portions of the face as in the figures previously described, and with an additional aperture in the form of a curved slot 48 extending upwardly through the background above the picture of the pipe. The plate 2|b has an area 2% around part of its outer portion which is of the same color as the background surrounding aperture 48 and the balance thereof is white as shown at 49. These two segments alternately darken and illuminate the slot 48 giving the appearance of smoke curling upwardly from the pipe when the plate is rotated in the direction shown by the arrow. Centrally and eccentrically disposed within these parts 2% and 49 is a continuous black band 50 to animate the eyes, surrounded on both sides by white areas 5| and 52, the area 52 being surrounded by a red band 54 and an area 55 matching the coloration of the face on panel 20b. The band 54 and area 55 form the lower lip and lower jaw portions of the figure, bein visible in part through aperture 25 in panel 20b.
Referring to Figs. 7 and 8, the display comprises a panel 200 and a plate 2| c. In this embodiment, the figure is shown in the act of drinking from a glass through a straw or tube 6|]. The area within the picture of the glass and above the hands on either side of the tube is cut out to form an aperture. The face is animated as in the other figures by a black band 6|, a red band 62 surrounded by an area 64 matching the face. Around the periphery of the plate is an area 65 of gradually diminishing width which may be colored red, for example, to represent liquid within the glass, the wedge shape of this area, as the plate rotates, makes it appear that the liquid level in the glass is falling until it reaches the level of the hands, at which point it appears to refill suddenly and again empties. Simultaneously with this the figure, by reason of the apparent movement of the mouth, seems to be drinking.
Figs. 11 through 15 show various modes of mounting and rotating the movable plate or disc with reference to the fixed panel. In Figs. 11 and 12 the panel 20 is supported on a base 10 and spaced from it is a backl likewise mounted on the base. Rotatably mounted in the back is an arbor 12 which is fixed to the plate 2| at one end and is fixed in the hub 14 of a rotor having blades 15. Attached to the back 1| is an enclosure [6 for the rotor the top of which forms a tunnel open at its ends 18 and 19, the bottom part of the enclosure being semicircular. A stream of air passing through the tunnel portion of the enclosure will engage the uppermost blades 15 to turn the rotor, thus rotating plate 2| to animate the picture carried on the panel 20. The air stream may be produced by a fan or generated by the movement of a vehicle on which the display is mounted or the display may be set out in the open where the wind will operate it.
In Fig. 13, the panel 20 is similarly mounted on a base 80 which carries an upstanding bracket 8| having a bearing portion 82 in which is rotatably mounted an arbor 84 which carries the plate 2| at one end and a sheave 85 at the other. Disc 2| is rotated by a motor 80 mounted on the base.
Figs. 14 and show a modified form of display having a hollow base 90 enclosing a motor 9| which drives a flanged wheel 92 which operates through an opening 94 in the base. Supported on the base 90 within a frame 95 are a pair of panels forming a two-sided display. The rotating plate 2| will be appropriately colored on both sides so as to animate the display on each panel. The spacing between the panels 20 and disc 2| will preferably be closer than as shown in the drawing, in which the spaces are exaggerated for the sake of clarity. Plate 2| is supported at its bottom on the wheel 92 and is centered and further supported by a pair of flanged wheels 96 mounted on arbors 98 which are secured in the panels 20.
Where color has been referred to in the foregoing description, it will be understood to include black and white and it will be obvious that displays may be made embodying the principles above set forth which are made entirely of black, white and various tones of gray, as well as with colors in the strict sense of the term.
It is to be understood that the specific embodiments of the invention described above are merely illustrative and that the invention is not limited thereto but is to be construed broadly within the purview of the claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In an animated display, in combination, a stationary front plate having depicted thereon the major portions of a face, said plate having apertures encompassing the areas of the eyes of said face, a single rotatable rear plate mounted closely behind said front plate with its axis of rotation positioned between said apertures, the surface of said rear plate facing toward said front plate bearing an area of color having a continuous outer margin eccentric relative to said axis and surrounded b an area of contrasting color, said margin intersecting said apertures, and means for continuously rotating said rear plate whereby repetitive shifting of the eyes is produced by rotation of said rear plate.
2. In an animated display, in combination, a stationary front plate having depicted thereon the major portions of a face, said plate having apertures encompassing the areas of the eyes of said face, a single rotatable rear plate mounted closely behind said front plate with its axis of rotation positioned between said apertures, the surface of said rear plate facing toward said front plate bearing a continuous band of color positioned to show in part through said apertures and placed on a background of contrasting color and positioned eccentrically of said axis, and means for continuously rotating said rear plate whereby repetitive shifting of the eyes is produced by rotation of said rear plate.
3. In an animated display, in combination, a stationary front plate having depicted thereon the major portions of a face, said plate having an aperture encompassing the lower jaw portion of said face, a single rotatable rear plate mounted closely behind said front plate with its axis of rotation above said aperture, the surface of said rear plate facing toward said front plate bearing continuous discrete bands of color adapted in all positions to complete the lower jaw portion of said face but with varying facial expressions, the margins of said bands being eccentric relative to said axis, and a plurality of said bands being visible through said aperture, and means for continuously rotating said rear plate, whereby rotation of said rear plate gives to said face the appearance of chewing.
4. In an animated display, in combination, a stationary front plate having depicted thereon the major portions of a face, said plate having an aperture encompassing the lower jaw portion of said face and a pair of apertures encompassing the areas of the eyes of said face, a single rotatable rear plate mounted closely behind said front plate with its axis of rotation between said jaw aperture and said eye aperture, the surface of said rear plate facing toward said front plate bearing continuous discrete bands of color adapted in all positions to complete the lower jaw and eye portions of said face but with varying facial expressions, the margins of said bands being eccentric relative to said axis, and a plurality of said bands being visible through each of said apertures, and means for continuously rotating said rear plate, whereby rotation of said rear plate gives to said face the appearance of chewing.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 787,109 Pallidino Apr. 11, 1905 1,598,497 Oswald Aug. 31, 1926 1,618,710 Hose Feb. 22, 1927 1,935,557 Haag Nov. 14, 1933 2,146,192 Kraemer Feb. 7, 1939 2,210,315 De Verry Aug. 6, 1940 2,295,430 Seewald Sept. 8, 1942